The history of Art
| The first lacquer miniature of Russian had make to the early 18-th century.
Early was fashion smell snuff - box and become appear the diffrents view snuff - box.
To the and XVIII and early XIX century in Moscow s old towns and St. Petersburg s old towns,
appear by 10 workshops to make lacquer snuff - boxes of papier - macher.
The leader lacquer s factory of Russian to the end XVIII century becoming “ korobovsko - lukutinsko “ production.
In 1795 year to region of Moscow old town “ Danilkovo “ P.I. Korobov was found the first small production for make
lacquer miniature. Have travel by European, P.I. Korobov was interesting painting miniature I.G. Chtobvasser s lacquer
factory in Germany. Korobov acquired by Chtobvasse in necessary inventory: lacquers, paints, and he inviting a few
masters in this factory from Russian. The lacquer trumps for helmets for Russian army, and later was make the round
“ Korobkovsko “ snuff - box. The first snuff - box did not painted and put it gluing engraving
covering with lacquer. In 1916 year P.I. Korobov gave own factory to son - in - law P.V.
Lukutin s. It began new period development trade. The factory began of experience production not only snuff - box,
the different forms and sizes, but a new line products: cases - cigarette, boxes, caskets, chesses tables, matchers,
compactes and many others. Lukutin s miniatures to products of papier - macher, they differ
from European s miniature brightly expression nation character subjects and own method painting.
The art artists - miniature as art s formed, it one hand, under influence Russian art XVIII - XIX century.
It other hand - artists, had product lacquer miniature, which were from peoples tradition. In lacquer miniatures
was found features old art s and icon- paint. In Fedoskino s production keep up tradition mini - portrait and landscape.
In now days, very often, creating composition to modern everyday scene for people life, fairy - tales and historical
| For make production of papier-mache ( the French word beet paper ) used cardboard.
The leafs of cardboard was cut with help knife on stripes definite thickness and width.
After was oil starch and glue this lines, glue for wooden bobbin on few layers.
The bobbin have preparation and situated in double press under weight twenty ton for gluing.
Have gluing bobbins take off mokettes and special dry cases. After drying papier-mache became dark brown color and stronger wooden.
The papier-mache cut out for the storages for the future boxes will working the details, gave it a perfectly view.
Have prepared products was cleaning , polishing , and grounding. For this operations need a few hours.
Have grounded products was polishing and after lacquering. After last, cleaner the miniatures covered two layers a black lacquer
to upside and three layers red lacquer to inside. Have cleaned lid box and pass artist.
The oil lacquer miniature have prepared in three art s layers. Before as began panting the artist preparing to box, have covered it to ground
( bronze or alluminium powder ). After as ground covered by picture, he began by art.
Every art s layer very good have dry and covered by lacquer. The ready box with painting and lacquering to few layers and after polishing for
special polish machine or by hands. This last period , after lacquer product have became a perfect view.